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Microbiome

The human body is host to a vast array of microbiomes, which are communities of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and archaea, that reside on and within our bodies. These microbiomes play crucial roles in maintaining health and influencing disease. The primary human microbiomes are located in the gut, skin, oral cavity, respiratory tract, and urogenital tract. Each of these microbiomes is unique in its microbial composition and function:

  • Gut Microbiome: The gut microbiome is the most extensively studied and is found in the digestive tract, primarily the intestines. It is crucial for digesting food, synthesising vitamins, and training the immune system. The gut microbiome can affect everything from metabolism to mood, influencing conditions such as obesity, diabetes, and irritable bowel syndrome.
  • Skin Microbiome: The skin serves as a physical barrier protecting the body from pathogens. The skin microbiome varies significantly across different parts of the body, influenced by factors such as moisture, temperature, and oil production. It plays a vital role in protecting against invading pathogens, modulating the immune system, and influencing skin conditions like acne, eczema, and psoriasis.
  • Oral Microbiome: Located in the mouth, the oral microbiome is involved in the initial stages of digesting food and protecting against pathogens. An imbalance in the oral microbiome can lead to conditions such as tooth decay, gingivitis, and periodontitis.
  • Respiratory Microbiome: The respiratory tract, including the nose, throat, and lungs, has its own microbiome that helps defend against respiratory pathogens. The composition of the respiratory microbiome can influence the risk of developing conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and respiratory infections.
  • Urogenital Microbiome: The urogenital tract, particularly in women, has a unique microbiome that plays a role in reproductive and urinary health. The vaginal microbiome, for example, helps protect against infections by maintaining an acidic environment. An imbalance in this microbiome can lead to infections like bacterial vaginosis and yeast infections.

Each of these microbiomes interacts with the body in a complex relationship, contributing to health when in balance and potentially leading to disease when dysbiosis, or microbial imbalance, occurs. Research into human microbiomes is rapidly advancing, revealing the intricate ways in which microorganisms contribute to health, disease, and the functioning of the human body.

Microbiome News

Gut microbes influence our immunity and overall health from birth to old age

Gut microbes influence our immunity and overall health from birth to old age

Live Forever Club - 06-Jul-2024

Balanced diets improve gut health, while processed foods harm it

Intermittent fasting with protein pacing beats calorie restriction

Intermittent fasting with protein pacing beats calorie restriction

Live Forever Club - 21-Jun-2024

Proved to be superior for weight loss, gut health, and metabolic improvements

Personalized nutrition app Zoe's claims face scrutiny over scientific validity

Personalized nutrition app Zoe's claims face scrutiny over scientific validity

The Guardian - 18-May-2024

Experts raise concerns about the effectiveness of its methods

Tiny carbon beads improve gut health and fight liver disease in rats and mice

Tiny carbon beads improve gut health and fight liver disease in rats and mice

University College London (UCL) - 15-Apr-2024

Innovative approach to protect organs from harmful gut bacteria

More Microbiome News

Microbiome Resources

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Ani Biome

Club discount available - click here

Longevity-driven start-up that creates daily rituals for gut microbiome health management

Carbiotix

Pre-clinical stage therapeutics company focused on low-cost gut health testing and microbiome modulators.

Gut Feelings: The Microbiome and Our Health

Amazon

Book about microbiome written by Alessio Fasano

The Diet Myth

Amazon

The Real Science Behind What We Eat by Professor Tim Spector

Personalized Diagnostics and the Future of Longevity

08-Jul-2021

Naveen Jain speaks about diagnostics technologies with Sergey Young at live AMA online event

S-Biomedic

Company that brings novel therapeutic solutions to the skin microbiome.

More Microbiome resources

Microbiome Blog Posts

Carbiotix Gut Health Test Review
14-May-2021

Carbiotix Gut Health Test Review

Discover who is winning the battle between your good and bad bacteria

More Microbiome blog posts