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Nanobots can be considered as the infantry of precision medicine. They're able to carry drugs to specific cells, hammer (literally!) their way into cells, and deliver their payload right where it hurts.

These tiny robots aren't (usually) miniaturised versions of industrial robots - as things work very different at the cellular level and in the blood that they travel in. Their movement is more akin to bacteria with wriggling tails or spinning corkscrews, either powered by sugar in the body or by magnetic fields that help guide them to their target. The smallest nanobots may be made of DNA that is formed into a cage-like structure containing a pharmaceutical package that is release when the target is reached.

The larger (relatively, they're still tiny!) nanobots have micro-legs to help them move crawl along organs inside the body, or contain cameras and sensors to transmit detailed physiological information back to your doctor to help take the guess work out of diagnosis.

Many futurists predict that before we're halfway into the 21st century we will be injecting ourselves with thousands of nanobots that patrol our bodies keeping an eye out for pathogens and diseases and then swarming together to defend the body against damage.



Sci-Fi proof-of-concept short film.


Senior researcher and head of Nanobiotechnology Lab at MIPT


Synthetic Biology company for targeted antimicrobials and microbiome editing.


Nanovery is developing nanorobots to diagnose diseases.


Research and production of nanobots.

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Recent News

One time injection of nanoparticles to treat skin cancer

Yale News - 02-Feb-2021

Nanoparticles with chemotherapy agent act longer, a potential alternative to cancer surgeries


Genetic engineers used origami method in gene splicing process

The University of Sydney - 17-Jan-2021

Customizable nanobots to the cancer type could silence the targeted cancer genes


Nanotech nurtures unique treatment for inoperable cancers

pharmaphorum - 18-Dec-2020

Innovate UK is funding specialists of nanotechnology & bioimaging to cure cancer

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