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Early detection of osteoarthritis using machine learning

07-Oct-2020

Key points from article :

Doctors use a combination of medical history and lab or imaging tests to diagnose osteoarthritis.

It is usually diagnosed only after pain has developed and bone damage has already occurred.

Earlier diagnosis could prevent cartilage deterioration and bone damage.

Researchers developed three-dimensional transport-based morphometry (3D TBM) to identify changes using MRI scans.

They analyzed baseline “cartilage maps” of the participants’ knees.

After three years, compared the maps for the participants who diagnosed with osteoarthritis with those who were not.

Using machine-learning algorithms, The system accurately detected 78% of future osteoarthritis cases.

More studies are needed to determine whether 3D TBM could predict osteoarthritis and benefit for early interventions.

Research by Carnegie Mellon University, University of Pittsburgh ,University of Virginia published in the PNAS.

Cartilage maps along with machine learning algorithms predict arthritic cases

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Academia

Private research university known for its exceptional computer science and engineering programs

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Multidisciplinary scientific journal, official journal of the National Academy of Sciences

Academia

Public state-related research university