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Nanobots can be considered as the infantry of precision medicine. They're able to carry drugs to specific cells, hammer (literally!) their way into cells, and deliver their payload right where it hurts.

These tiny robots aren't (usually) miniaturised versions of industrial robots - as things work very different at the cellular level and in the blood that they travel in. Their movement is more akin to bacteria with wriggling tails or spinning corkscrews, either powered by sugar in the body or by magnetic fields that help guide them to their target. The smallest nanobots may be made of DNA that is formed into a cage-like structure containing a pharmaceutical package that is release when the target is reached.

The larger (relatively, they're still tiny!) nanobots have micro-legs to help them move crawl along organs inside the body, or contain cameras and sensors to transmit detailed physiological information back to your doctor to help take the guess work out of diagnosis.

Many futurists predict that before we're halfway into the 21st century we will be injecting ourselves with thousands of nanobots that patrol our bodies keeping an eye out for pathogens and diseases and then swarming together to defend the body against damage.


Click on resource name for more details.

Plenty of Room for Biology at the Bottom: An Introduction to Bionanotechnology


The book that takes the reader from the fundamentals of nanobiology to the most advanced applications written by Ehud Gazit

Eligo Bioscience

Synthetic Biology company for targeted antimicrobials and microbiome editing.

Could DNA nanorobots cure cancer

DNA nanobots will soon be tried in a critically ill leukemia patient

LIFNano Therapeutics

Company specifically focused on targeted delivery of the biologic, Leukaemia Inhibitory Factor (LIF)


Quantum biology startup developing diagnostics for early cancer detection with a nanotechnology platform


Company that provides products addressing the field of magnetic nanoparticle research and applications


Sci-Fi proof-of-concept short film.

Maxim Nikitin

Senior researcher and head of Nanobiotechnology Lab at MIPT


Nanovery is developing nanorobots to diagnose diseases.

Advanced Functional Nanorobots

Research and production of nanobots.

More Nanobots resources

Recent News

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AZoNano - 07-Aug-2023

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Hybrid micro-robot to advance precision drug delivery and single-cell analysis

Nano Magazine - 28-Mar-2023

Electric- and magnetic-powered tiny robot able to identify, capture, and transport single cell autonomously

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