Life Expectancy

News and resources on current life expectancy – lets see how it changes over time.

Congratulations – you’ve survived another year… unfortunately your risk of dying goes up another 9% next year, and every year after that – that’s why at the moment you can’t beat the exponential risk of death.


Read blog posts tagged with lifespan.

Life Expectancy graphs and maps – Our World in Data

Life expectancy: 120,000 numbers in just four minutes – BBC News
Fascinating data visualisation of life expectancy for 200 countries over 200 years.

Human Mortality Database – various institutions
Contains original calculations of death rates and life tables for national populations as well as the input data used in constructing those tables.

Latest News

UK among worst for life expectancy rises – BBC News – 7-Aug-2018
Increases in life expectancy in the UK have stalled.
Slowdown is one of the biggest among world’s leading economies.
Still increasing by a month a year between 2011-16.
Government austerity policies may have played a part.
Babies born in the UK in 2016 can expect to live 79/83 (male/female).

Mortality rate flattens among the oldest of the old – NY Times – 28-Jun-2018
Number of supercentenarians to study is a major statistical challenge.
It is also a problem to make sure the reported age is real.
McGill University found all Italians reaching 105 between 2009-2015.
Among extremely old Italians the death rate stops rising.
Improvements in mortality means even this rate is lowering.

Most millionaires expect to reach 100 – Yahoo Finance – 20-Apr-2018
Wealth enables them to live a healthier life.
77 percent agreed that working as long as possible is good for your health.
Research on that front is mixed.
American 95-year olds in 2014 had a life expectancy of 98.
Less than 20% of UK current 50 year-olds will make it to 100.

More education is what makes people live longer – New Scientist – 18-Apr-2018
Economists previously concluded that wealth itself increases longevity.
Data compiled from 174 countries, dating from 1970 to 2010.
Economic upturns didn’t always mean longer lives.
Gain in gross domestic product (GDP) caused increasingly higher gains in life expectancy over time.
Gains in literacy were associated with greater increases in life expectancy

Men could live as long as women by 2030s – Independent – 27-Mar-2018
Currenlty across the world women experience longer life spans than men.
Men could live as long as women by 2030s with life expectancy of 87.5 years.
Gap narrowing partly due to fall in tobacco and alcohol consumption.
Causes of ill health are increasingly lifestyle related.
Health outcomes worsen in more deprived areas or populations.

5 Countries Where People Live the Longest – National Geographic – 20-Mar-2018
Here are some secrets we can learn from the countries where people live the longest.
5. Israel: A combination of a Mediterranean-influenced diet, strong family and cultural values, and a sharp health system helps Israel rank fifth for longevity.
4. Japan: People in Japan continue to outlive those in other countries, thanks to healthcare improvements, a fresh diet, and active lifestyle.
3. South Korea: A health-conscious culture, and a healthy diet with the presence of fermented vegetables
2. Switzerland: Superior healthcare, nature and the nation’s high water quality contributes to a healthier population.
1. Italy: More free time, close family bonds, frequent walks, and plenty of sunshine—helps the country top the life expectancy charts.

Living ever longer without physical limitations – CBS – 19-Mar-2018
By the year 2040, people can expect to live 4 years longer in good health.
Remaining life expectancy of 60-year-olds will have increased by three years.
So living longer and more time of that is spent without physical limitations.
Latest projections of future healthy life expectancy by Statistics Netherlands (CBS).

Obesity paradox debunked – Northwestern University – 1-Mar-2018
Previous findings showed that overweight people diagnosed with CVD live longer.
Cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular risks associated with obesity.
Normal weight middle-aged men live 1.9 years longer than obese men.
Study examined individual level data from 190,672 in-person examinations.

A massive study of family trees finds no gene for longevity – Technology Review – 1-Mar-2018
Birth and death dates of more than 86 million people compared.
Studied family trees over the last several hundred years.
16 percent variation in how long people live is due to genes.
Project led by MyHeritage and published in Science.

Deprivation reduces life expectancy by nearly a decade – Independent – 1-Mar-2018
Office for National Statistics says life expectancy of most deprived males is 73.9 years.
Compared with 83.3 years among the least deprived in 2014 and 2016.
Gap has risen by nearly five months in the last three years.
For females, deprivation gap is 7.4 years.
Growth in inequality is a result of longevity gains among less deprived.

Rich v poor life expectancy gap widening in the UK – Verdict – 15-Feb-2018
Boys born in prosperous neighbourhoods will live 8.4 years longer than those from a poor area.
Gap has been widening since the turn of the millennium
Not enough is being done to educate poorer people on the benefits of a healthier lifestyle.
Longevity Science Panel looked at ONS data 33,000 residential areas.

Life expectancy plummets in parts of UK – Independent – 18-Jan-2018
By 2041, women will live to 86.2 years and men 83.4 years.
Decrease of almost a whole year compared to previous figures released in 2015.
Residents in former mining towns and isolated rural areas saw the biggest fall.
London and the southeast continued to see a rise in longevity.
Life expectany of small populations is subject to more fluctuations from year to year.

US life expectancy falls for second consecutive year – Independent – 7-Jan-2018
A new study released by the US National Centre for Health Statistics (NCHS) found an American baby born in 2016 can expect to live 78.6 years.
Estimated lifespan of American children drops for second consecutive year for the first time since 1963.
Experts have expressed concerns over the sharp rise in the number of drug-related deaths.
The study also revealed heart disease and cancer remain by far the biggest killers in the US.

US life expectancy down for a second year – USA Today – 21-Dec-2017
Health researcher claim that Americans are dying younger, and life expectancy is now down for the second straight year — something not seen in more than half a century.
Fewer people make it to age 65. And the biggest killers of young people include what statisticians call “unintentional injuries” — a category that covers drug overdoses, traffic crashes and falls.
Deaths from those causes rose 9.7% in 2016.
Suicides also increased in 2016, as did reported deaths from Alzheimer’s disease

Good work ethic could lead to a longer life – Independent – 13-Dec-2017
Mental and physical health levels of a group of Italians between the ages of 90 and 101 have been examined and found that there were many common psychological traits between them.
The study concluded that positivity, stubbornness and a conscientious work ethic could be key to living a longer life.
Another common theme between the elderly participants was a passion for rural life.

Cataract Surgery May Prolong Your Life – NY Times – 4-Dec-2017
60 percent lower risk of death each year if cataracts removed.
Reduced risk of death from cardiovascular, pulmonary, neurological and infectious diseases.
Study of 74,044 women aged 65 and older with cataracts.
A cataract is a clouding and discoloration of the lens of the eye.
Most frequent cause of vision loss in people over 40.
Wearing sunglasses that block all UV rays is an important preventive.

Glasgow has UK’s highest death rate – Belfast Telegraph – 27-Nov-2017
Glasgow has topped the list of places with the highest mortality rate in the UK, new data has revealed.
The city recorded 1,389.1 deaths per 100,000 people last year, against a UK average of 982.5.
Apart from the City of London, the London borough of Kensington and Chelsea had the lowest mortality rate of any area of the UK, with just 667.4 deaths per 100,000.

Evidence Against a Late Life Mortality Plateau – Fight Aging – 23-Nov-2017
Mortality rates seen to flatten out in flies and other short-lived species.
Old individuals cease to age but mortality rates are very high.
Difficult finding enough data for humans of 110 years and older.
New study shows hazard rates after age 110 years do not stay constant.
Used records of supercentenarians in the International Database on Longevity (IDL).
Database contains validated records from 15 countries.

People who own dogs may live longer – The Verge – 17-Nov-2017
3.4 million Swedish people monitor over 12 years.
Dog owners had a 20 percent lower risk of dying.
Particularly effective for dog owners who lived alone.
Dog owners may be more physically active, or less stressed.

Rare Gene for Long Life Found in Amish Community – Inverse – 17-Nov-2017
Amish people have lived in relative isolation since migrating from Europe.
Gene mutation can either cause a bleeding disorder or confer longer life.
Carriers of only one copy of the mutated SERPINE1 gene had an increased healthspan.
Have significantly longer leukocyte telomere length and lower fasting insulin levels.
People with two copies of the mutated allele — also had a bleeding disorder called hemophilia.

Switzerland’s men no longer living the longest – Le News – 12-Nov-17
According to the OECD last years report Switzerland tied with Iceland has the longest male life expectancy.
In this year’s report, published last Friday, Switzerland slipped into second place alongside Japan.
Male life expectancy in Switzerland moved from 81.1 years to 80.8, a drop of 0.3 years.
At the same time life expectancy for men in Iceland rose from 81.1 to 81.2.

Three-fold difference in mortality rates by occupation – BBC News – 24-Oct-2017
A Glasgow University study found people who work in factories and in construction have higher death rates than doctors and teachers.
Housekeepers and cleaners were also identified as at risk groups. Among women, teachers and business professionals were found to live longer.
Researchers also compared differences in mortality rates between Scotland and the rest of the UK, and mortality in Scotland “remains consistently higher than elsewhere in the UK.”

Lifespan linked by study to mutations and lifestyle – Bio News – 23-Oct-2017
Meta study combines genetic, lifestyle and family data from 600,000 people.
Looking at their parents’ lifespan allowed assessment of impacts of gene variants.
Every year spent in education added 11 months to people’s lifespan.
Every kilogram overweight decreased lifespan by two months.
Openness to new experience also increased life expectancy.
One gene variant which increased levels of bad cholesterol reduced lifespan by eight months.
Another gene variant  linked to the immune system half a year.

Swedes and Italians to swap lives for three months for a study into longevity – The Local – 16-Oct-2017
Around 200 residents of the Swedish city of Malmö will live with host families in Cilento on Italy’s southeastern coast, while the same number of Italians will relocate to Malmö.
The aim of this project is to find out the secret of longetivity of Italians. Participants in the research will live with host families who will show them how to live – and eat – like locals.
Researchers are comparing diets and other lifestyle factors of 1,000 people from each of the regions.
In the study’s second phase, these results will be compared with those from tests carried out in the 1990s.

Death rate rise linked to longer stays in hospital – The Guardian – 2-Oct-2017
1 in 5 of the extra deaths in 2014-15 may be attributable being stuck in hospital.
Older patients more vulnerabile to hospital-acquired infections such as C difficile, pneumonia and MRSA.
Increased frailty and serious muscle wastage due to lack of physical activity can undermine health.
Also, over 500,000 patients affected by exit block each year in the UK.

Gap between men’s and women’s life expectancy no longer closing – Telegraph – 27-Sep-2017
The gap has narrowed every year for the past decade.
Between 2010 to 2012 and 2014 to 2016, the rate of increase in life expectancy at birth more than halved to 6.0 weeks per year for males and 3.6 weeks per year for females.
Both men’s and women’s life expectancy is still growing but growth has slowed in recent years.
COMMENT: when the gap is only reducing by 0.1 years per year, some years the change going to round down

Centenarians are fastest growing age group in UK – The Guardian – 27-Sep-2017
Centenarians are the fastest growing age group in the UK, with the number of 100-year-olds almost doubling over a 14-year period.
Although they make up a very small proportion of the total UK population (0.02% in 2016), their numbers have grown rapidly from 7,750 in 2002 to 14,910 last year.
There were 571,245 people aged 90 and over living in the UK last year – the highest number ever.

How death has changed over 100 years in Britain – The Guardian – 18-Sep-2017
Some interesting graphs on distribution of deaths by age.
In 1915 one in ten deaths occurred among children under the age of five.
Now most people in the UK can expect to live into their 80s.
In 2015 Alzheimer’s disease and dementia made it into the top 10 causes of death.

Age At First Period Could Determine Life Expectancy – Marie Claire – 17-Sep-2017
The Women’s Health Initiative collected data from 16,000 post-menopausal women.
And researchers from University of California, San Diego found that women who got their first period at age 12 or older indicated a likelihood of longer life; menopause after the age of 50 was also an indicator of good health.

UK falls behind rest of Europe for life expectancy growth –  The Guardian – 10-Sep-2017
Sir Michael Marmot the author of a report on health inequality claims that UK risked becoming the “sick man and woman of Europe”.
His analysis found that the UK is falling further behind, with growth in female life expectancy at birth the worst in Europe and male growth the second worst.
In Britain, the female life expectancy at birth is 83, below the EU average, while for men it is slightly above the average at 79.

Healthy Lifestyle May Increase Lifespan by 7 Years – Medspace – 20-Jul-2017
People who never smoked cigarettes, were not obese and drank alcohol in moderation had life expectancy of 87 years instead of 80.
Few studies look at the effect of multiple health behaviours.
Quitting smoking, even late in life, increases longevity.
Study from nearly 15,000 Americans aged 50 to 89 years.

Rises in UK life expectancy levelling off – BBC News – 18-Jul-2017
Life expectancy has been rising for decades, but has recently slowed.
We were living an extra 2-3 months for every year passed.
‘Entirely possible’ austerity is affecting how long people live.
Other countries, such as Hong Kong, continue to see consistent rises.
COMMENT: looking at the graph its about to go negative this year

No Known Limit To How Long Humans Can Live – Time – 28-Jun-2017
Paper in last year’s Nature human body and brain petered out around 115.
Now five critiques highlight assumptions that weren’t warranted.
Maximum lifespan in a population varies year to year and can have a sudden drop when longest-lived human dies.

14 places where life expectancy is unusually high – Telegraph – 26-Jun-2017
Villages and islands where people live into their 90s more often than average.
Including Pioppi and Campodimele in Italy and Kyotango and Okinawa in Japan.
But even a big city like Hong Kong gets a mention.
Factors that may affect their longevity:
– diet (particularly fish, olive oil, tomatoes and other vegetables)
– outdoor lifestyles
– income

Having children could increase your lifespan – Independent – 17-Mar-2017
Once you reach the age of 60, men and women live longer if they have at least one child.
Based on Swedish census data from over 1.4 million people born between the years of 1911 and 1925.
Men with children live 1.8 years longer, and 1.5 years for women.
Latest study concluded that the sex of the children makes no difference.

Why do taller humans die younger? – – 1-Mar-2017
Of the 10 tallest people ever recorded, the oldest died at 56.
In people, height is negatively correlated with longevity.
Shortness may be partly due to reduced calorie intake – a known lifespan enhancer.
Life expectancy of people under 158 cm (5′ 2″) a year longer than those over 165 cm (5′ 5″) tall

Life expectancy: 120,000 numbers in just four minutes – BBC News – 7-Feb-2017
Fascinating data visualisation of life expectancy for 200 countries over 200 years.
Charts life expectancy v income over time.
From poor and sick to rich & healthy.
Highlights significant difference between continents.
Don’t blink for the dip in 1918!
COMMENT: emerging countries closely track life expectancy for a fraction of the income

Figures Show 20-Year Gap Between Healthy Life Expectancy Across UK – Huffington Post – 30-Nov-2016
Male healthspan varies from 54 years in Tower Hamlets, London, to 71.8 years in Rutland, East Midlands.
Female healthspan varies from 51.4 years in Antrim and Newtown Abbey, Northern Ireland, to 74.6 years in the Orkney Islands.
New Office for National Statistics (ONS) figures show that newborn boys can expect to live for 79.2 years and a girl 82.9 years.

First-time birth in later life may increase longevity – Medical News Today – 18-Nov-2016
Average age of American mothers has increased from 24.9 years in 2000 to 26.3 years in 2014.
First births in women aged 35 years and over also increased by 23 percent.
Older age in mothers has been linked to a variety of adverse birth outcomes, such as multiple births and congenital disabilities.
But mothers who had their first child when they were 25 years or older were more likely to survive to age 90.
Multiple pregnancies also increases chance of living to 90.

Community ‘Well-Being’ Helps You Live Longer – WebMD – 10-Nov-2016
People in more contented U.S. counties lived an extra two years or more.
Well-being includes physical health as well as people’s levels of emotional health, life satisfaction, optimism and security.
Direct correlation found between well-being and life expectancy regardless of the area’s racial makeup, poverty and education levels.
Efforts to improve Americans’ health and longevity have to go beyond the health care system.

Record number of centenarians in UK – BBC News – 29-Sep-2016
Number of people aged 100, or over, has quadrupled over the last two decades.
Also a 6-fold increase in number of people aged over 105 since 1985.
People born between 2013 and 2015 can expect to live to 79/82 (male/female).
On average we’re all living 12 weeks longer every year.
COMMENT: when we live 52 weeks longer every year we’ll be living forever – its closer than you think!

Fears of ageing may cause earlier death – Medical Xpress – 29-Sep-2016
World Health Organization quote research that people who hold negative views about their own ageing do not recover as well from disability and live on average 7.5 years less than people with positive attitudes.
60 percent of respondents said they believed older people “were not respected.”
Attitudes towards older people were more negative in richer countries.
WHO study of 83,000 respondents aged 18 and older in 57 countries.

Epigenetic clock predicts life expectancy – United Press International – 28-Sep-2016
Study led UCLA analyzed over 13,000 blood samples.
Aging of blood calculated by tracking DNA alterations over time.
5 percent of people age at a faster biological rate irrespective of lifestyle choices.
Risk factors like smoking, diabetes and high blood pressure still predict mortality more strongly than one’s epigenetic aging rate.

Bookworms Have Better Life Expectancy – Pharmacy Times – 9-Aug-2016
Reading patterns of 3635 patients aged 50 and older studied.
12 years later participants who read for up to 3.5 hour a week were 17% less likely to die than those who didn’t read at all.
Study took into account education.
Book reading engages higher cognitive processes and promotes empathy, social perception, and emotional intelligence.
COMMENT: surprising results given the sedentary nature of reading

Increase in disability-free life expectancy – Science Daily – 6-Jun-2016
Difference in life expectancy for a 65-year-old:
1992: 17.5 years with 8.9 years free from disability
2008: 18.8 years with 10.7 years free from disability
Mainly due to improvements in cardio-vascular health and declines in vision problems.
As much as half of the improvement is because of medical care, especially statin drug treatment.
Improvement in vision health almost entirely down to improvement and availability of cataract surgery.
COMMENT: this goes against the general thinking that healthspan wouldn’t increase as fast as lifespan

Animated GIF: 100 years of global aging – VOX – 20-May-2016
Today median age ranges from 18.5 years in Cameroon to 46.5 years in Japan.
Median age tends to be significantly higher in wealthy and middle-income countries.
Median age can also increase when fertility declines.
In Japan working age population is falling by about 1 percent per year.

Interview: Research and database director of Gerontology Research Group – VICE – 20-May-2016
Gerontologist Robert Young talks about maximum human lifespan.
Odds of anyone living to 127 at the moment are one in a trillion.
Scientists don’t agree on what aging is.

Twins more likely to live to retirement – New Scientist – 18-May-2016
Identical twins are less likely to die young from unexpected causes.
10% more likely to survive into their 60s.
Possibly due to material help and emotional support from their twin.
In later years genetic factors become more important.
University of Washington in Seattle examined data on Danish twins born between 1870 and 1900.
Compared their fate with the general population from the same time.

Life expectancy gap between rich and poor widens in UK – Independent – 3-May-2016
First time gap has increased for 150 years.
Mainly due to lifestyle choices such as smoking, drinking and poor diet.
Based on data from the Human Mortality Database

Visceral Fat Tissue Will Kill You – Fight Aging! – 11-Apr-2016
Visceral fat is the fat around the organs, rather than under the skin (subcutaneous fat).
Visceral fat cells send out chemical signals that trigger the immune system leading to raised levels of chronic inflammation – one of the underlying causes of aging.
Sedentary lifestyle and obesity are each about as bad for you as a smoking habit.

Two common gene variants reduce life expectancy by 3 years – Science Alert – 1-Apr-2016
University of Edinburgh researchers analysed genetic information from more than 152,000 people in UK Biobank study.
Identified variants in APOE and CHRNA3/5 genes that can cut your lifespan by up to three years.
More than two-thirds of us carry one of them.
Study published in Nature Communications.

Good education adds a decade to life expectancy – Newsweek – 22-Mar-2016
Life expectancy of college-educated white men 11.9 years longer than their low-educated counterparts.
Smallest difference is 4.7 years for black women.
Gap has grown significantly since 1990.
Similar gaps in Europe but difference much larger in the US.
Much larger variation in life spans for low-educated than high-educated who die at a similar age.

Why people in Iceland outlast the rest of the world – Today – 16-Feb-2016
Iceland is one of the top-ranked countries for life expectancy.
Possible factors are fish-heavy diet, low pollution and athletic lifestyle.
Decode Genetics think it could be good Viking genes – harsh conditions in past centuries mean only tough genes have survived.

Why rich people live longer – New York Times – 12-Feb-2016
Longevity gap between high-income and low-income Americans has been widening sharply.
Life expectancy difference for top/bottom 50% earners has increased from 1.2 years in 1970s to 5.8 years in 2001.
Difference between top 10% and bottom 10% income now 14 years.
Greater declines in smoking among the affluent and educated may partly explain the difference.
More complicated relationship for obesity, prescription drugs and access to health care.

Over-65s in England living longer than ever before – BBC News – 12-Feb-2016
Latest figures released by Public Health England.
At 65 men can expect to live for another 19 years and women a further 21 years.
Life expectancy increased by 0.3 years between 2013 and 2014 – so for every year lived you get 4 months free!

Lifespan Machine studies random variation in worm death (VIDEO) – STAT – 2-Feb-2016
Fascinating video of analysis of differences in lifespan of identical organisms.
Harvard Medical School experiment tracks 10,000s of tiny C. elegans worms simultaneously.
Uses 100s petri dishes in 50 scanners.
Each individual worm scanned every hour.
Worms age similarly to humans – get slower and fatter.
Genetically identical and in identical environment – but die at different times.
Spread not driven by genetics.
Random range stretches whether improve or worsen conditions or genes.

Nobel scientist thinks we can live to 150 – The Telegraph – 20-Jan-2016
Dr Elizabeth Blackburn won the Nobel Prize in 2009 for research on telomeres and the genetics of ageing.
Centenarians don’t die of common diseases – it looks like a systems failure.
There are currently 200 clinical trials exploring ways to slow the ageing process by means of molecular changes.

Are We Hitting A Life Expectancy Plateau? – Longevity Reporter – 4-Jan-2016
Average lifespans may be rising maximum years are unchanged.
Even in the ancient world some lived to 80 years old but was a rarer event.
A good social life, work life balance, optimal nutrition and current medical care can only do so much.
Only influencing fundamental aging processes will life expectancy continue to rise.

Spit test could predict life expectancy – University of Birmingham – 23-Dec-2015
Lower levels of antibodies in saliva are associated with of an elevated risk of mortality.
Study highlighted underlying association between secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA) and cancer mortality.
639 adults aged 63 years old at the time of saliva sampling in 1995 tracked over 19 years.

Life expectancy: Is the party over? – BBC News – 11-Dec-2015
Higher than expected death rates among older people in 2012 and 2013.
Last year, flu vaccinations were not as successful – may be a temporary phenomenon.
Average life expectancy of 100 forecast pushed back 2 years to 2062.
Increasing obesity or antibiotic resistance might slow or even halt the trend to improving life expectancy.

100 orgasms may increase life expectancy by three to eight years – Women’s Weekly – 26-Nov-2015
Article says based on “latest research” – I’ve not checked it but, hey, it’s a Friday story!
Sex lowers blood pressure, improves cholesterol, and increases circulation.
People who indulge in regular sex 50% less likely to have heart attack or stroke.
Regular orgasms even dramatically reduces the incidence of the common cold.

Higher pulse equals higher risk of death – Telegraph – 23-Nov-2015
Risk of dying increases by around nine per cent for every extra 10 beats per minute
Independent of traditional risk factors of cardiovascular disease.
Meta-study of 46 studies involving 1.2 million people over 21 years.
Optimum pulse rate varies by sex and age but, in summary, to get into the excellent rating you need to be below 65 BPM.

Study Links Daily Coffee Habit To Longevity – NPR – 16-Nov-2015
Study highlights association, not causation.
People who drank 3-5 cups of coffee per day had about a 15 percent lower [risk of premature] mortality.
More than 4 cups can interfere with sleep and create feelings of unease.
Amount of caffeine in a cup of coffee varies so does individual sensitivity.
Similar benefits from caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee.
Coffee bean itself is loaded with many different nutrients and phytochemicals.
Reduced risk of death was not seen among the coffee drinkers in your study who were smokers or former smokers.

Dutch cyclists have longer lives – BBC News – 11-oct-2015
University of Utrecht finds that cycling 74 minutes per week increases life expectancy by 6 months.
Mortality rate reduced by 10% resulting in 6500 deaths prevented each year.
Claim 1 hour cycled is 1 hour extra life.
Here’s how I assume the calculation works:
74 minutes = 1.2 hrs
Cycle every week for 70 years = 1.2 x 52 x 70 = 3640 hours
6 months = 4380 hours
Looks like a good investment!

Schoolchildren could be working until they’re 100 – Telegraph – 6-Oct-2015
Rohit Talwar of Fast Future will be addressing nearly 300 headteachers at the Headmasters’ and Headmistresses’ Conference.
Predicts future that could see them having to work 40 different jobs with many occupations being taken over by robots.
New industries will emerge but fewer jobs will be available to new generations

Work stress can have massive impact on life expectancy – Behavioral Science & Policy Association – 8-Sep-2015
Meta-study carried out by Harvard Business School and Stanford University analyzed 228 different studies.
Over 40% increase in mortality for those with low job control.
Working long hours results in 19% increase in mortality.
Worse than regular exposure to secondhand smoke.

Live 4 years get 1 free! – Japan Times – 28-Aug-2015
Average life expectancy around the world has increased from 65 years in 1990 to 71.5 years in 2013. So for every 4 years lived your life expectancy increases by 1 year – when those figures are the same everyone is living forever!
Japan came out with best health span – before people need regular care.

Life expectancy gap between rich and poor reduced in UK – The Guardian – 11-Aug-2015
People in the richest 10% of UK live 4.4 years longer compared to those in the poorest 10% areas. Results in 2010 reduced significantly from 2003 study when gap was 6.9 years.

More trees = more life in large city study – Washington Post – 9-Jul-2015
Study of city of 530,000 trees in Toronto compared to 30,000 residents health records.
11 more trees per city block has same effect as being 1.4 years younger for cardio-metabolic conditions.
Probably due to improved air quality as trees remove ozone and particulates.

Women haven’t always lived longer than men – The Independent – 7-Jul-2015
Once infectious diseases conquered, deaths from cancer and cardiovascular disease (which affect men more than women) amplify life expectancy difference in 50 to 70 year olds.

Skeletal muscle mass key factor in determining life expectancy  – Taipei Times – 17-Jun-2015
Underweight elderly people have double the mortality rate of others.
Exercising regularly is the best solution to prevent the onset of muscle mass loss which accelerates above 50.

The rich get older – Cosmos – 1-Jun-2015
Gains in US life expectancy mostly benefiting those with higher income.
Income is the single biggest predictor of longevity.

European Focus project aims to increase life expectancy in the EU by two years – Medical Xpres – 13-May-2015
goal is to create mechanisms to be ahead of vulnerability to illness, or even of death

Men ‘catching up’ on life expectancy – BBC News – 30-Apr-15
Closing the gap on women. By 2030 men will be living 85.7 years on average compare to 79.5 in 2012.
In 18 years life expectancy has increased by 6 years – that’s huge.

Why do Israelis live longer despite stress? – YNetNews – 26-Apr-15
Geriatrics professor Devora Lieberman puts it down to awareness of preventive medicine and proper nutrition – eating food rich in fibers and low on sodium and fat.

Men born in 1913 followed to age 100 years – Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal – Feb-2015
Survival was related to non-smoking, mothers’ high age at death, high social class and previous high physical working capacity.

Higher death rate ‘driven by flu’ – BBC News – 4-Feb-15

UK centenarian numbers on the rise – BBC News – 25-Sep-14

Human mortality beyond age 110 – Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (MPIDR) – 2010
After age 110 mortality rates level off corresponding to an annual probability of death of 50%


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