Accident and Emergency

You’re much more likely to die from illness or old age (at the moment!) but it’s still worth minimising your chances of dying from the unexpected.

About 50 people die every day in the UK of “external causes” – accidents, falls and assaults – which gives you a one in a million chance of not making it to tomorrow. Coincidentally (or maybe because of it’s applicable size) this is also the definition of a micromort.

Draft page – more coming soon.


citizenAID –
The citizenAID app gives you the skills and knowledge to deliver care to yourself, family and stranger caught up in a terrorist attack or other unfamiliar situations.

Latest News

Hospital sepsis deaths ‘jump by a third’ – BBC News – 3-Aug-2018
Sepsis deaths in England’s hospitals increase by more than a third in two years.
Sepsis was the cause of death in 15,722 deaths.
Staff shortages and overcrowding on wards are partly to blame.
Statistics may be partly ware to increase in awareness and detection of sepsis.
Sepsis is a complication of an infection and can lead to multiple organ failure.
Symptoms include slurred speech, extreme shivering and severe breathlessness.
COMMENT: keep an eye on your loved ones if they’re in hospital

More elderly are dying after falls as care crisis deepens – The Guardian – 7-Apr-2018
Number of deaths in men over 85 has risen by 177%.
Greater increase than the number of people reaching that age.
Falls can lead directly to someone dying when they bang their head.
Or can happen later for example if they break their hip and do not recover.
Only intervention that consistently prevents falls is having a lot of staff in an area.
This level is far above the traditional ‘safe staffing level’.
One third less over-65s receiving local council-funded social care than in 2010.

DARPA’s Biostasis program looks to slow down the golden hour – Business Insider – 7-Mar-2018
Molecular biology could alter the speed at which living systems operate.
Goal is to extend time between a damaging event and the collapse of those systems.
Such an extension would expand the “golden hour.”
Battlefield casualties have a nearly 98% survival rate.

Infection outbreaks could be reduced by copper-coated uniforms – The University of Manchester – 15-Feb-2018
University of Manchester has created a durable, washable, concrete-like composite material.
Made from antibacterial copper nanoparticles – much cheaper than silver.
Able to bind it to wearable materials such as cotton and polyester.
E. coli infections alone killed more than 5,500 NHS patients in 2015.
Fabrics showed excellent antibacterial resistance even after 30 washes.

Hundreds of fire deaths may be linked to skin creams – BBC News – 11-Feb-2018
Some skin creams containing paraffin, a senior firefighter warns.
If used regularly paraffin residue can soak into the fabric .
Acts as an accelerant when it comes into contact with a cigarette or a flame.
Most creams do not carry warnings despite the risk.

Drone saves two Australian swimmers in world first – BBC News – 18-Jan-18
Two teenage boys got into difficulties 700m offshore in heavy surf.
Lifesavers instantly sent the drone to drop an inflatable rescue pod.
Would have taken human live guard 3 times as long to reach swimmers.
“The Little Ripper UAV is an amazingly efficient piece of lifesaving equipment.

Monitoring everyone’s vital signs simultaneously – Kurzweil AI – 15-Dec-2017
RFID tags could be used to gather vital signs from multiple patients simultaneously.
Low-cost microchip radio-frequency identification tags can measure blood pressure, heart rate and breath rate.
Everybody that enters an emergency room can be monitored at the same time.

People are reluctant to use public defibrillators – Warwick – 25-Sep-2017
A study led by University of Warwick made an analysis of of existing international studies, and suggests that there are a number of factors that prevent members of the public from using defibrillators and potentially saving lives.
The researchers’ study suggests that many members of the public don’t know what an automated external defibrillator (AED) is, where to find one and how to use one.
It also suggests organisations don’t feel they should have one or feel unable to obtain one.

NHS hospitals missing sepsis treatment target – BBC News – 11-Sep-2017
Sepsis is a rare but serious complication of an infection. Without prompt treatment, it can lead to multiple organ failure and death.
According to NHS data 44,000 deaths happening every year in the UK, and 14,000 are preventable deaths.
37% of patients that need antibiotics for sepsis are not getting them within an hour.
14 hospital trusts are only screening one in every two people with signs of sepsis.
One in four NHS hospital trusts is failing to give antibiotics to half their patients with sepsis within the recommended time.

Defibrillator drones to boost cardiac arrest survival – Telegraph– 13-June-2017
Fully automated eight-rota machines can fly at up to 50mph and deliver heart-starting kit. Should enable more NHS emergency units to meet the eight-minute response target. Every minute after a cardiac arrest decreases chances of survival by 10 %. Trial in Sweden reduced response time by 16 minutes. The machines were airborne within three seconds of being allocated.

Preventable accidents stymie US life expectancy – Inquisitr – 24-Sep-2016
2008 saw first drop in average life expectancy since 1993.
Why are new treatments being discovered yet overall life expectancy rate makes very modest gains, if any, each year?
An often overlooked reason for lowered life expectancy in Americans is accidental death.
Motor vehicle accidents, firearms deaths, and drug overdoses combined were responsible for 6 percent of deaths among U.S. men and 3 percent among U.S. women.

Guns, car crashes and drugs cut US male life expectancy by a year – Guardian – 9-Feb-2016
Half of reduction from gun injuries.
Although only 1%-2% of deaths due to firearms, deaths of younger people mean victims lose decades compared to average life expectancy.
Research by Centers for Disease Control.