Stroke

3rd biggest killer in the US

Latest News

Giving oxygen to stroke patients makes no difference – Nursing Times – 27-Sep-2017
UK nine-year Stoke Oxygen Study involved more than 8,000 patients.
Patients randomised for continuous, nocturnal only or no routine oxygen.
Routine oxygen did not improve functional outcome in any patients.
Low oxygen levels were caused by underlying airway, lung and heart problems

Stroke prevention device wins healthtech award – Pharmaphorum – 28-Jun-2017
Embotrap II is developed and marketed by Neuravi.
Small, mesh-like construct can restore blood flow through vessels by removing clots.
Designed to trap clot with minimal compression and rapidly deliver TICI 2b-3 reperfusion.
Now acquired by Codman Neuro, part of the Johnson & Johnson.

New treatment that could reverse stroke symptoms – Independent – 12-Feb-2017
Mechanical thrombectomy to be implemented in specialist centres across NHS.
Blood clot is either sucked into a tube or pulled out with a small wire.
Brings patients “back to life” who would otherwise have died or been left paralysed.
Increase the proportion of people who can function independently 90 days after a stroke by 19-35%.

Chronic stroke patients safely recover after injection of human stem cells – Kurzweil AI – 3-Jun-2016
Stanford University School of Medicine studied 18 patients who had suffered a stroke between six months and three years before receiving the injections.
Gary Steinberg: “At six months out from a stroke, you don’t expect to see any further recovery.”
Procedure involved injecting SB623 mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow of two donors.
Substantial improvements were seen in patients’ scores on several widely accepted metrics of stroke recovery.
Improvement was independent of their age or their condition’s severity
The injected stem cells don’t survive for more than a month yet patients’ recovery is sustained for more than one year.
A new randomized phase-2b trial is now actively recruiting patients.

Carry an aspirin in case of minor stroke – BBC News – 19-May-2016
Oxford University research finds people are 5x less like to suffer a major stroke shortly after a minor one if they take aspirin.
Most of the benefit if taken in the first hours and days after a minor stroke or TIA.
Prof Peter Rothwell: “Benefits of immediate aspirin therapy have been hugely underestimated.”
Based on review of 15 trials involving thousands of people.

Large study finds optimum sleep for stroke prevention – IOL – 1-Mar-2016
Ideal range is 7-8 hours.
More than 8 hours increases risk of having a stroke by 146 percent.
Less than seven hours of sleep increases the risk by 22 percent.
Also 30 to 60 minutes of exercise three to six times a week gave the maximum benefits for stroke prevention.
Study of nearly 290 000 people.

Stroke recovery twice as likely if you speak a second language – Telegraph – 19-Nov-2015
Researchers at University of Edinburgh studied 608 stroke victims.
Bilingual patients twice as likely to recover (40% compared to 20%).
Appears to protect the brain against devastating damage to mental functions.
Previous research showed speaking a second language delays dementia by five years.
Dementia is 3rd biggest killer in UK.

People working long hours are more likely to have a stroke – BBC News – 20-Aug-2015
Risk increased by a third for people working over 55 hours per week.
Link could be stressful job and the damaging impact on lifestyle.
Experts said people working long hours should monitor their blood pressure.